by Elizabeth Oldfield
Monday, 10
May 2021
Review
17:48

Wellness is no replacement for religion

Yoga and mindfulness won't fill the spiritual void
by Elizabeth Oldfield
Whether it’s yoga racism or incest, women’s shameful secrets are sold as entertainment. Credit: TIMOTHY A. CLARY/AFP via Getty Images

Sam Byers is an English novelist whose work, particularly his last novel Perfidious Albion, has been compared with Martin Amis. His new book Come Join our Disease tracks Maya, a homeless woman who is offered a new start via a rehabilitation programme run by a tech company. Set up with a new job and a flat, she must chronicle her ‘journey’ on social media, inspiring her audience as she becomes a polished and productive member of society. The programme emphasises health via a rigorous schedule of yoga classes and wellness retreats, and her new boss takes a personal and directive interest in “Project Maya” — the remaking of the self.

The second part of the novel — in which Maya rejects the demands for health, cleanliness, optimisation and ‘authenticity’ in favour of a deliberate descent into sickness and filth, has garnered more attention, but personally I found the set up much more sinister. Rarely have I perceived so clearly the way in which spirituality has been coopted by market forces and sold back to us. The wellness industrial complex which holds such sway in tech, investment and start up circles is keen on practices and concepts taken from religion, but only in so far as they can improve our productivity. As Byers points out in an accompanying essay: “disciplines such as yoga and meditation, which once took as their goal the dissolution of the self, are pressed into the service of a bolstered ego and enhanced productivity.”

This plundering reflex — where the secular raids the spiritual for booty — has been noted before. In Susan Sontag’s essay Piety without Content, the great critic derides the tendency of intellectuals to vaguely pick and choose spiritual and religious ideas without actually committing to any of them:

This is piety without content, a religiosity without either faith or observance….for the modern post religious man the religious museum..is without walls; he can pick and choose as he likes, and be committed to nothing except his own reverent spectatorship.
- Susan Sontag

Still, living in the largely non-religious west, I have sympathy for those who will take sources of meaning and belonging wherever they can get them. There are riches in religious traditions that can be life-giving elsewhere, and striving to be healthy and productive are laudable goals. But Sam Byers’ book made me realise that at worst the use of ‘spirituality-lite’ in service of this goal is a kind of cultural appropriation which severs fruits from roots and leaves you with an armful of dead flowers.

Spirituality which just equips us to be better foot soldiers in a market society characterised by desperate consumption and expressive individualism is not spirituality at all.

Join the discussion


  • Those who are really searching will find what they are looking for, whatever or whoever sets them off on their journey. Those who are merely sampling will move on to other distractions soon enough. And people will see through the exploiters and manipulators all the quicker if they are really practicing mindfulness, which is the first step of a long walk to real depth and meaning.

  • I don’t think Fraser meant that nothing has meaning.
    Lots of people may find meaning in lots of things. That’s great.
    But some people are so desperate to find meaning in everything that they get wrapped around the axle in the pursuit of it. That is a questionable use of time and effort.
    Wanting something to have meaning doesn’t mean it does. To state the obvious.

  • “..there is a realisation that the human soul no longer has anywhere to anchor but the biscuit isle at the local supermarket.” Brilliant!

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