by Tom Chivers
Friday, 12
November 2021
Idea
07:00

Increasing MPs salaries is a good bet

If it stands a chance of increasing the quality of candidates, what is there to lose?
by Tom Chivers
Can we get these lads some more money please? (Photo by DANIEL LEAL-OLIVAS / AFP) (Photo by DANIEL LEAL-OLIVAS/AFP via Getty Images)

MPs earn fairly well: £82,000 a year, roughly the equivalent of professionals such as headteachers or senior doctors, albeit not very much compared to most senior lawyers. But, as we’ve been seeing in recent days, many of them top that salary up with second jobs which can lead to real or perceived conflicts of interest.

I idly wondered the other day whether paying MPs a lot more, but banning them from having second jobs, would be a good thing. This made a lot of people very angry. But I am interested in the question.

Banning second jobs seems the main thing, although no doubt there would be knock-on effects; but it’s the pay issue that interested me. Whether increasing MPs’ pay would “work” seems to me to be two questions: one, whether it would attract a higher-quality calibre of applicant; and two, whether it would reduce the level of corruption.

My cousin and co-author David Chivers, an economist, looked at the economic literature to see if there’s much support for the idea that higher wages for MPs would improve the situation in either of those ways. He was sceptical. On the “better-quality candidates” point, he notes that wages are probably not the main factor in people’s decision to go into electoral politics. Also, he says, it’s not just the salary but the risk — you are in danger of losing your job every four years or so, and if you leave a well-remunerated career like medicine or the law, a four-year break can really hit your earnings.

And in terms of reducing corruption, he says that depends on the nature of corruption, and adds that a lot of the problem is actually former MPs and ministers in a “revolving door” between politics and lobbying: they leave office and immediately go into some lobbying company which is keen to take advantage of their contacts.

I suspect he’s got a point, and others agree. But I also wonder: is it a bet worth taking anyway?

Owen Paterson, the MP whose suspension for lobbying started the whole row, was being paid by Randox, a healthcare company. Randox won government contracts for £500 million. We don’t know whether they would have won them anyway or how much of the money is wasted, but that’s the headline figure, and it’s down to the apparent corruption of one MP, out of 650.

Increasing the pay of all MPs by 50% would cost the state about £26,000,000, roughly one-20th of the value of the contracts awarded to Randox alone. If there’s even a remote chance that it might reduce corruption slightly, then the expected value is highly positive.

Similarly, if there’s even a small chance that increased pay would improve the calibre of MP candidates, then since MPs are responsible for decisions about the UK’s one-trillion-pound budget — 38,000 times as big as the sum required to raise their salary by 50% — then it seems like a decent bet. If improving MPs’ wages by that much raised GDP by 0.001% it would pay for itself. Or, in expected value terms, there was a 1% chance of it raising GDP by 0.1%, then it would be a worthwhile bet.

Of course, if you think there is no chance that increased salary would improve MP quality or reduce MP corruption, then you’d disagree that the bet is worthwhile. Or if you think that there is a moral quality to salaries, and that it is wrong to pay MPs so much when more obviously sympathetic figures like nurses are paid less, then you might reject the whole framing. But I think it’s worth at least thinking about.

(That said, there’s almost precisely zero chance that the public would go for it anyway, so maybe it isn’t.)

Join the discussion


  • I’d like to recommend ‘Why we get the wrong politicians’ by Isabel Hardman.
    It really is a terrible job. Big investment to buy-in; no power as a back bencher; no security.
    The point that strikes me is that in most professions you only get sacked if you do something almost criminally bad. As an MP you get sacked by the voters if your party leader becomes unpopular, or the economy gets a chill, or something else you couldn’t have foreseen or controlled.
    You’d be mad to want to do it.

  • No security? Are you kidding? Once elected they’re on a five year contract. Who else do you know who has one of those?
    Furthermore, they get a final salary that accumulates at 1/40 i.e. 5 years’ service gets them a pension of 1/8 their final salary. Yes, serve one term and you get a pension of £10,000 a year indexed for life. How long would it take to earn that in a DC scheme?
    Oh, and if they lose their seat they get redundancy. You read that right: at the end of a 5-year contract, if not renewed, they get about £30,000 as a payoff. Any contractors we know get that?
    And if they retire early through illness they immediately get the entire pension they would have got had they served as an MP till the age of 65. So if elected at 35 and they then retire ill at 36, they’d get a pension of 30/40ths of their MP’s salary and they get it right away for life. If they recover and go back to work, they keep that pension.
    So enough of this tripe about security. Look past the headline salary and at the racket they’ve constructed for themselves.

  • Being an MP is not a job in the sense that most of us have a job where we are expected to turn up between particular hours and produce something or provide a particular service that we have some expertise in for our employers. Geoffrey Cox’s service to his constituents is in no way diminished because he is earning extra money as a lawyer rather than sitting on the backbench looking at his iPhone while others drone on. As MPs are not expected to display any special professional skill why should they be paid a professional salary for what can and often is a part time occupation. The problem is that Ministers have to be drawn from the ranks of MPs and ideally we want capable Ministers who do have skills and intelligence but boosting payment to MPs is not going to solve the dearth of Ministerial talent.

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