by Elizabeth Oldfield
Monday, 11
October 2021

What Thomas Cromwell taught us about ambition

The chief minister realised too late that careerism would lead to his undoing
by Elizabeth Oldfield
Ben Mills as Thomas Cromwell performs on stage during “The Mirror And The Light”. Credit: Getty

Last week I saw Hilary Mantel’s ‘The Mirror and the Light’, performed by the Royal Shakespeare Company. It’s compelling, amusing and stunningly staged, but the most haunting moment is Cromwell’s meditation on ambition as he comes to the end of his life. Even Henry had already reflected longingly on what his own life would have been like as a quiet rural landowner, away from the crushing weight of the crown. 

On Cromwell’s final days in the Tower, sentenced to beheading by the King he had served faithfully for decades, he is visited by the ghost of Cardinal Wolsey, himself no stranger to ambition. “As a boy I put a ladder against a wall and I have been climbing ever since”, Cromwell says, and in the pause the realisation sinks in that the top of a ladder is the most unstable place. “There is a flaw in the nature of ladders”, says Wolsey. “Or climbers”, Cromwell replies. 

During the interval at the theatre, I had conversations with two people outside. Both of them were successful and ambitious, but also deeply disillusioned with the ladders they were climbing. “I feel like I’ve built myself a gilded cage”, one father said to me, with refreshingly rare honesty. It reminded me of Wolsey, who thought it was always the way — that some people will always wake up “with their blood pumping” and want to take over the world, even though deep down, they know it will not give them the fulfilment they yearn for.  

But the pandemic, for all the pain and suffering it has brought, appears to have encouraged many to re-evaluate what is important to them in life. Economists in the US and the UK have identified the “great resignation”, an upsurge in people quitting their jobs. The Harvard Business Review identifies mid-career workers in their 30s and 40s as those most likely to be quitting their jobs. Except, that their analysis  (“metrics such as compensation…promotions…, performance..and training” are the “root causes”) seems laughably blind to the deeper existential questions beneath what appears to be a mass, sped-up, mid-life crisis. If you realise your ladder is up against the wrong wall, you stop climbing.

More than a decade ago, Oliver James’s book ‘Affluenza‘ echoed centuries of religious teachings in an urgent treatise against blind ambition and over-consumption. Don’t get a massive mortgage, he urged. Align your career goals with your actual values, not the performance of status, and remember that committed human relationships are the best prescription for happiness. If the pandemic helps more of us actually take that medicine we will be all the better for it. Let’s hope we get there before we lose our heads.

Join the discussion

  • Being a carpenter the image of existence being a ladder leaning against a wall, and then projecting over it; and the climb up being one’s life is pretty good… Because as we know, each step up after one has topped the wall, and the ladder is cantilevering over a fall, with each step bringing one more perilously close to it – overbalancing and tipping onto the ground – it is almost Icarusarian in its archetypal image.

    I was spared this dilemma/challenge as I quit climbing at about the third step, got off, and wandered away, and so led a life of going no where.

    “Both of them were successful and ambitious, but also deeply disillusioned with the ladders they were climbing. “I feel like I’ve built myself a gilded cage”, one father said to me”

    That ‘gilded cage’ actually sounds pretty good from where I stand……

  • Isn’t ambition a multifarious thing though? I’ve never had great ambitions to own a car, rise to higher management (or any kind if mangement), never cared much about status and money.

    Intellectually challenging myself and having intellectually satisfying work that doesn’t bore me as been quite a strong motivation though. Without it I woukd probably be half-dead. I’m not sure this can easily be lumoed as a Bad Thing.

  • Once extended family and community, Patriotism, and Religion have been striped from our lives – as modern society has done to most of us, ‘the Great Resignation‘ naturally is what is left.

    And age too…Who really ends up fully satisfied with how one has managed ones life when older? Only the very few.

    JG Whittier’s wonderful poem puts it perfectly:

    ““Of all sad words of tongue or pen, the saddest are these, ‘It might have been.””

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