by Elizabeth Oldfield
Friday, 24
April 2020

Bim Afolami: the sacred has found its way into politics

by Elizabeth Oldfield
Bim Afolami in the Houses of Parliament. Credit: Herts Advertiser

This week I released a podcast with Conservative MP Bim Afolami, one of the BBC’s MPs to watch in late 2019. He is a black politician and trustee of the Oxford Union, and our conversation ranged across free speech, identity politics and the polarisation of public life. We explored the idea, which I first came across via Michael Wear, that the withdrawal of stable, lifelong forms of belonging, identity and meaning, primarily religion, has left politics bearing too much emotional weight. Afolami said:

Human beings have a yearning for something transcendental, something that makes their existence have meaning beyond their immediate self. If you no longer have that in religion then logic would suggest, and history would suggest, that you’re going to have to find that in some other way.  
- Bim Afolami

Although, as Afolami admits, this is a hard trend to evidence — we are definitely in the realm of correlation rather than causation — it does chime with wider thinking. Scholars including Jonathan Haidt have suggested that part of the reason political polarisation has deepened is that it has become riven with “sacred values”, or indeed that these sacred values are playing a more central role in our politics. I was intrigued by one statement in particular in a 2016 lecture:

The sacred values of the Left and and Right grow out of the 19th-century conflict between labour and capital. This was filtered through the battle between communism and capitalism in the 20th century.
- Jonathan Haidt

Haidt believes that today’s Left and Right hold different things sacred: Anti-discrimination and the victim in the case of the Left, and freedom, or order, on the libertarian or authoritarian Right. Capital and labour, important though both are, don’t amount to a framework for meaning in the same way that anti-discrimination or freedom does.

Haidt is something of a sacred value sceptic. In a separate academic paper, he said that he was building “upon Berlin’s idea [that] the elevation or sacralization of a moral principle or symbol is a major cause of evil”, warning that a clash of sacred values in politics can easily become heightened because compromising on the sacred is by nature, profane.

I’m not quite so sceptical (I think the more important issue is what we hold sacred, than whether we have sacred values at all). But it is hard to disagree with Bim that the across the western world our “political questions have become less technocratic, more values based.” The sacred has found its way into politics.


  • May 2, 2020
    So are people outside of Europe less rational? Read more

  • April 27, 2020
    I agree with the premise of this,During the Brexit debate over the three or so years I think that 'we' did see in various forms some of the ideas that influenced people ,including me, were less political, but had a more 'sacred' sense of value and meaning to them, particularly on the Leave side... Read more

  • April 26, 2020
    There may well be an upsurge in religious belief, but that doesn't mean that the statement "most rational people left religion behind" is wrong. Read more

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